The majority of pregnancies are uncomplicated. Despite this, there are several pregnancy-related complications that can occur, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, miscarriage, and problems with placental complications. Maintaining regular prenatal appointments can assist your doctor or midwife in detecting common pregnancy issues early, including normal physical exams, lab testing, and ultrasounds.
While some issues are related to pre-existing medical conditions, others happen suddenly and are unavoidable. You have a better chance of maintaining your health and that of your unborn child with early detection and appropriate care. So, here’s a quick guide to the most common pregnancy complications.
Why do complications occur during pregnancy?
The reasons for pregnancy complications depend largely on the woman’s specific condition. However, there are several situations where there might be a higher risk of obstetric problems. Some of them are as follows:
- Adolescent mother or advanced maternal age
- Arterial hypertension.
- Obesity or being underweight.
- Sexually transmitted infections (STDs).
- Autoimmune diseases
- Previous pregnancy with complications.
- Multiple pregnancies
- Use of alcohol, cigarettes, and/or narcotics.
- Other diseases include cardiovascular disease, metabolic disease (such as thyroid disease), asthma, and epilepsy.
Common Pregnancy Complications
Complications during pregnancy can include both physical and mental issues that affect the mother’s, the baby’s, or both their health. Some problems are caused by pregnancy, while others can worsen during pregnancy. The following are some of the most common pregnancy complications:
In the first trimester, the majority of pregnant women experience nausea and vomiting (morning sickness). The term hyperemesis gravidarum refers to nausea and vomiting that is unusually severe and persistent.
Weight loss, electrolyte imbalance, and dehydration occur in hyperemesis gravidarum, resulting in an insufficient supply of nutrients to the growing fetus. Avoid any triggers for nausea, such as loud noises, bright lights, strong scents, or a car ride.
Gestational diabetes is a type of high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy. The body becomes less responsive to insulin, a hormone generated by the pancreas to regulate blood glucose levels.
Preeclampsia and cesarean delivery may be more common in women with gestational diabetes. This form of diabetes is also associated with macrosomia (birth weight greater than 4 or 4.5 kg). Furthermore, hyperglycemia during pregnancy can have long-term effects on the baby, including an increased chance of obesity and type 2 diabetes.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, losing excess pregnancy weight, and frequent blood glucose monitoring will help you manage gestational diabetes.
If you have anemia, your body’s red blood cell count is lower than normal, and you may feel tired and weaker than usual. Because anemia can be caused by a variety of factors, your doctor should investigate the underlying reason and prescribe iron and folic acid supplements for you to take during your pregnancy.
Iron deficiency anemia is the most prevalent form during pregnancy, and if left untreated and severe, it can cause intrauterine development retardation, fetal brain anoxia, and preterm labor. A woman may lose blood during birth, and if the mother is anemic, complications may occur. Your doctor may recommend a proper diet and iron supplements to help cure the problem.
It is a condition that can appear about 20 weeks of pregnancy and most often near full term, causing high blood pressure and protein in the urine, as well as symptoms of kidney and liver damage. It may result in fetal growth failure and premature delivery.
If you experienced preeclampsia, it is critical that your blood pressure be regularly checked during pregnancy. In some circumstances, doctors may advise initiating pregnancy earlier to prevent the growth of preeclampsia.
Most pregnant mothers who develop preeclampsia have minor symptoms near their due date and do well with proper treatment. However, severe preeclampsia can affect several organs and create serious, even life-threatening complications. Most women can recover without complications if they get a timely diagnosis and treatment.
Tips to avoid pregnancy complications
- Avoid smoking, drinking, and taking recreational drugs.
- Consult your doctor about your family history of various diseases to identify potential risk factors. Make sure to get the best treatment from the best gynecology hospital.
- Maintain healthy body weight and lifestyle while managing pre-existing health conditions.
- When having sex, take appropriate measures
- Plan your pregnancy before the age of 34.
Simple dietary and lifestyle changes may be used to prevent a number of pregnancy problems. Others can be recognized early by strictly following prenatal checkup schedules and discussing any unusual symptoms with your doctor, including stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, headache, vaginal bleeding or spotting, or cloudy urine. Early detection of complications allows for treatment and prevention of serious consequences for the mother and baby.
Although it is hard to avoid all complications during pregnancy, many of them can be alleviated with proper care. If you’re thinking about getting pregnant or are already pregnant, make sure to visit the best gynecology hospital, especially if you have any pre-existing conditions.